100% Creapure® Creatine Monohydrate
Greater concentrations of creatine in muscle improves performance.
Creatine supplementation has a performance-enhancing effect for a wide range of sports.
Different mechanisms are involved in the ergogenic effects of creatine supplementation:
-Higher phosphocreatine concentrations serve as immediate reserves for ATP during exertion.
-Increased phosphocreatine resynthesis rate during and after exertion due to increased levels of creatine.
-Smaller decrease in muscle pH during exertion.
-Greater training capacity.
-Increase in muscle mass (absolute power output).
Phosphocreatine resynthesis is critical for restoring muscle power at the beginning of the next set of intensive exercises. An increased resynthesis rate makes it possible to more intensive training sets, which is an advantage for explosive sports disciplines in particular.
During very intensive, repetitive forms of exercise there is enough ATP for 1-2 seconds, and phosphocreatine is available for the immediate regeneration of ATP. However, phosphocreatine stores last approximately 10 seconds.
Increasing Phosphocreatine levels in muscle results in the delayed breakdown of phosphocreatine, which has a beneficial effect on muscle performance. More than 20 clinical trials have shown that creatine supplementation
significantly improves muscle strength and/or performance during short bouts of high-intensity exercise.
The greatest improvements in performance can be found during series of repetitive high-intensity types of exertion that are interrupted by a fairly brief period of rest (e.g., 20-60 seconds). The rest breaks are sufficient to
achieve greater recovery of phosphocreatine concentrations.
Creatine supplementation is common in these sports: bodybuilding, weightlifting, wrestling, rowing, cycling, mountain biking, tennis, skiing, American football, soccer, rugby, basketball, ice hockey, volleyball, handball,
and track and field (sprinting, shotput, javelin and discus).
Creatine is involved in all of the body’s processes that require energy. So not only muscle cells contain creatine, but brain and nerve cells also have particularly high levels of creatine.
While creatine’s role in improving physical performance is well studied, for a long time little was known about its effect on mental performance. In addition to muscle cells, brain and nerve cells use ATP as an immediately accessible energy source and during times of high-energy demand creatine is directly involved in supplying ATP. Increasing creatine levels translates into more available energy. Creatine deficiency on the other hand, which results from an impaired capacity of the human body to produce creatine, leads to serious physical and mental underdevelopment and even death.
Creatine supplementation at higher doses can increase creatine muscle reserves by 15–30%, markedly improving physical performance. Creatine supplementation has also been reported to increase the creatine content in the human brain, which, because of the positive impact on energy metabolism, results in better brain functioning and memory.
The effects of creatine supplementation on mental performance was investigated in a Japanese study published in 2002.
In this double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, creatine supplementation reduced mental fatigue when subjects repeatedly performed simple mathematical calculations. Creatine significantly increased performance in the second 15 minutes in a group of 24 healthy volunteers (19 men and five women, 24.3 ± 9.1 years of age). This outcome is attributed to the fact that creatine improves the supply of oxygen to the respective regions of the brain.
Throughout one’s life, bone mass is continuously being regenerated, converted and broken down all while the bones maintain their typical form and function.
During childhood and adolescence, growth processes are more dominant; bone mass and bone strength achieve their highest values by age 35. After this time there is a slow reduction in the amount of bone mass, normally approximately 0,5 % to 1 % per year. If the reduction occurs more quickly (e.g., by 2 to 5 %), osteoporosis develops.
There are multiple causes for the occurrence of bone loss. It is known that bone loss can be minimized by consuming sufficient calcium and vitamin D3, and exercising. New studies demonstrate that creatine also plays an important role in bone metabolism, and a supplemention beside calcium and Vitamin D3 could make sense.
The formation and mineralization of bones requires a lot of energy, just as muscular activity does. Like all the body´s cells, bone-building cells also rely on ATP (Adenosin triphosphate) as a source of energy. Creatine is directly involved in supplying ATP.Studies have shown, that creatine promotes the growth and survivability of bone-forming cells, helping improve bone density and mechanical stability. At the same time, less activity by bone-destroying cells was observed.
The manufacturing conditions and handling of raw materials are both crucial factors for determining the quality of creatine monohydrate.
Inferior raw materials or, for example, a too-rapid reduction in the amount of water during “recrystallization” results in higher values, and therefore larger amounts, of creatinine, dicyandiamide, and dihydrotriazine.
The specification of Creapure® is subject to strict requirements. Creapure® is tested for impurities using high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC).
Typical analytical values for Creapure®:
Creatine monohydrate: min. 99.95%
Creatinine: < 67 ppm
Dicyandiamide (DCD): < 30 ppm
Dihydrotriazine (DHT): not detectable